Instituto de la Mujer

Instituto de la Mujer
   From 1983 to 1996 the Institute was the central government department responsible for promoting gender equality under the socialist PSOE administration. Responding to pressure from the party's feminist caucus Mujer y Socialismo (Women and Socialism), the socialist government established the Institute (Law 16/1983) as an autonomous body of the Ministry of Culture. In 1988 it became a key arm of the new ministry of social affairs. Its functions were to promote the social advancement of women and gender equality in politics, employment, health, education, the family and the media.
   The Institute obtained cabinet approval for its detailed Equality Plans (1988–90 and 1993–5) so as to ensure their implementation throughout the administration. Though the goal of equality was advanced through reform of laws governing abortion, rape, marriage, divorce, pensions, maternity leave and education, the government failed to amend its restrictive abortion law to include social grounds before it lost power. The Institute supported similar bodies set up in the seventeen autonomous governments and also funded local women's associations, to which it gave between 140 and 260 grants per year. It ran eleven women's advice bureaux which dealt with over 50,000 consultations, as well as a 24-hour hotline which took 80,000 calls per year. It ran television campaigns challenging the gender stereotyping of jobs and used street hoardings to promote safe sex through condom use, with the slogan: "Póntelo, pónselo" ("Put it on, put it on him"). Its social programmes ranged from creating refuges against domestic violence, to training women in rural communities, to running holiday camps for single mothers and their children. The Institute commissioned research to identify the needs of particular groups such as workers, prostitutes and the elderly, making statistics on gender differences widely available. Attempting to reach a wide audience, it distributed over half a million information leaflets annually. It created a 10,000 document library and promoted women's contribution to the arts through touring exhibitions and literary prizes. Total staffing varied from 170 to 220 people, and its annual budget in the early 1990s was 2,300m pesetas. From 1983 to 1996 the Institute's directors were socialist-feminists from within and from outside the governing party: Carlota Bustelo, Carmen Martí-nez Ten, Purificación Gutierrez and Marina Subirats. Public opinion widely supported the Institute's work and welcomed the new cultural image of a modern, well-educated woman exercising choice over her fertility and working life. Nevertheless, critics levelled charges of élitism and lack of attention to the needs of ordinary women. Some feminist organizations voiced concerns about the Institute's perceived dominance over the wider women's movement.
   See also: feminism
   Further reading
   - Threlfall, M. (1996) "Feminist Politics and Social Change in Spain" in M.Threlfall (ed.) Mapping the Women's Movement, London and New York: Verso, pp. 115–51.
   - Valiente, C. (1995) "The Power of Persuasion: the Instituto de la Mujer in Spain" in D.M.Stetson and A.Mazur, Comparative State Feminism, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, pp. 221–36.
   MONICA THRELFALL

Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture. 2013.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Instituto de la Mujer — El Instituto de la Mujer es un organismo autónomo dependiente del Ministerio de Sanidad, Política Social e Igualdad de España, a través de la Secretaría General de Políticas de Igualdad. Creado en octubre de 1983, en la II legislatura, sus… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Instituto de la Mujer de Extremadura — Datos Fundación 2001 Precursores Dirección General de la Mujer de la J …   Wikipedia Español

  • instituto — {{#}}{{LM I22181}}{{〓}} {{SynI22737}} {{[}}instituto{{]}} ‹ins·ti·tu·to› {{《}}▍ s.m.{{》}} {{<}}1{{>}} Centro estatal de enseñanza donde se siguen los estudios de enseñanza secundaria: • Cuando iba al instituto suspendía siempre Matemáticas.{{○}}… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • Mujer de Las Palmas — es el nombre con el que se conoce a los restos fosilizados de un humano cuyo esqueleto arqueológico (probablemente con origen en el pleistoceno) fue hallado en una cueva inundada (cenote) cerca de Tulum, Quintana Roo, México, el año 2006 y que… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Instituto Politécnico Nacional — Entrada a la Unidad Profesional Adolfo López Mateos Acrónimo IPN Alias El Politécnico o El Poli …   Wikipedia Español

  • Instituto Geográfico Nacional (Argentina) — Instituto Geográfico Nacional. Avenida Cabildo 381. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. El origen de este organismo descentralizado, dependiente del Ministerio de Defensa, se identifica con el nacimiento de la Oficina Topográfica Militar ocurrido el …   Wikipedia Español

  • Instituto Santa Marta (Colón) — Instituto Santa Marta «Praesentĭa et servitĭum» (latín) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Instituto de Seguridad Social del Neuquén — Lema ISSN Objetivos Prestación de servicios de salud, caja jubilatoria Fundación 1970 Fundador(es) Go …   Wikipedia Español

  • Instituto Chileno de Medicina Reproductiva — ICMER Instituto Chileno de Medicina Reproductiva Tipo Instituto de Investigación Fundación 1985 Localización Dirección José Victorino Lastarria 26 Código Postal 6500808 Santiago C …   Wikipedia Español

  • Instituto Andaluz de la Mujer — El Instituto Andaluz de la Mujer es un organismo adscrito a la Consejería para la Igualdad y Bienestar Social de la Junta de Andalucía cuya función básica consiste en la promoción de la igualdad de género en la comunidad autónoma de Andalucía. El …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”